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The 1,4-Dioxane Book

The Complete Reference
Chapter 3 – Table of Contents
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Chapter 3       Environmental Fate and Transport of Solvent-Stabilizer Compounds
3.1 Fate and transport processes
3.1.1 Atmospheric Fate and Transport Processes
3.1.2 Volatilization from Dry Soil
3.1.3 Volatilization from Water
3.1.3.1 Henry’s Law
3.1.3.2 Mass Transfer Rates from Water to Air: Flux Density
3.1.4 Atmospheric Fate of Stabilizer Compounds
3.1.4.1 Photolysis
3.1.4.2 Photo-Oxidation in the Atmosphere
3.1.4.3 Photo-Oxidation in Water
3.2 Surface-Water Fate and Transport Processes
3.2.1 Hydrolysis
3.2.2 Acid Dissociation Potential
3.3 Subsurface Fate and Transport Processes
3.3.1 Aqueous Solubility of Stabilizer Compounds and Stabilizer-Solvent–Waste Mixtures
3.3.2 Adsorption
3.3.2.1 Soil Properties Affecting Adsorption
3.3.2.2 Molecular Properties Affecting Adsorption
3.3.2.3 Distribution Coefficients and Sorption Isotherms
3.3.2.4 Organic Carbon Partition Coefficient, Koc
3.3.2.5 Predicting Koc from Kow, the Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient
3.3.2.6 Effect of Surface Oxides on Sorption
3.3.2.7 Competitive Sorption
3.3.2.8 Use of Laboratory Batch Tests to Measure Kd in Soil
3.3.2.9 Sorption of Vapor-Phase 1,4-Dioxane
3.3.2.10 High-Strength 1,4-Dioxane Solutions May Cause Clay Swelling
3.3.3 Subsurface Vapor-Phase Transport
3.3.4 Biodegradability of Solvent-Stabilizer Compounds
3.3.4.1 Predicting Biodegradability
3.3.4.2 Biodegradability of 1,4-Dioxane: Laboratory Studies
3.3.4.3 Synopsis of 1,4-Dioxane Biodegradability Studies
3.4 Laboratory, Field, and Modeling Studies of 1,4-Dioxane Mobility
3.4.1 Laboratory Studies
3.4.2 Field Studies
3.4.3 Modeling 1,4-Dioxane Transport
3.5 Diffusive Transport of 1,4-Dioxane and Storage in Fine-Grained Soils