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The 1,4-Dioxane Book

The Complete Reference
Chapter 7 – Table of Contents
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Chapter 7       Remediation Technologies (by William DiGuiseppi, AECOM Environment)
7.1 Vapor-Phase Transfer
7.1.1 Air Stripping
7.1.2 ART In-Well System
7.1.3 Pervaporation
7.1.4 Summary
7.2 Sorption
7.2.1 Adsorptive Media
7.2.2 Activated Carbon
7.2.3 Organoclays
7.2.4 Palladium-111
7.2.5 Summary
7.3 Natural Attenuation
7.3.1 Evidence of the Effectiveness of Natural Attenuation
7.3.2 Diffusion into Immobile Porosity
7.3.3 North Carolina Example
7.3.4 Summary
7.4 Ultraviolet Photolysis
7.5 Phytoremediation
7.5.1 Bench-Scale Tests
7.5.2 Mathematical Modeling
7.5.3 Greenhouse and Field Studies
7.5.4 Summary
7.6 Bioremediation
7.6.1 Mixed Bacterial Cultures
7.6.1.1 Actinomycete Culture
7.6.1.2 Indigenous Soil Microbes
7.6.1.3 Degradation of Tetrahydrofuran and 1,4-Dioxane Together
7.6.1.4 Kinetics of Cometabolism
7.6.2 Bacteria Genus: Rhodococcus
7.6.3 Bacteria Genus: Pseudonocardia
7.6.3.1 Degradation of Multiple Ether Pollutants
7.6.3.2 Degradation of 1,4-Dioxane
7.6.4 Gasotrophic Bacteria: Cometabolic Biodegradation
7.6.5 Bioreactors and Biobarriers
7.6.6 Anaerobic Bacteria
7.6.7 Fungi
7.6.8 Enhancing Biodegradability with In Situ Chemical Oxidation
7.6.9 Bacteria Summary
7.7 Chemical Oxidation
7.7.1 Hydrogen Peroxide and Ozone—Ex Situ
7.7.2 Hydrogen Peroxide and Ozone—In Situ
7.7.3 Hydrogen Peroxide and Ultraviolet Light
7.7.4 Hydrogen Peroxide and Ferrous Iron
7.7.5 Persulfate
7.7.6 Permanganate
7.7.7 Photocatalytic Oxidation
7.7.8 Ozonation
7.7.9 Sonochemical Oxidation
7.7.10 Chemical Oxidation Summary