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The 1,4-Dioxane Book

The Complete Reference
List of Tables
Continues from previous

4.1    EPA Recommended Sample Containers, Preservatives, and Holding Times for 1,4-dioxane Analysis
4.2    Summary of Results for 1,4-Dioxane: No-Purge Sampler Demonstration Study, McClellan Air Force Base
4.3    Soil-Gas Sampling Tube Materials and 1,4-Dioxane Emissions and Recovery
4.4    Results of EPA Method 8015B for Analysis of 1,4-Dioxane at Different Concentrations and in Different Sample Types
4.5    Operating Conditions for Orange County Water District Purge and Trap, GC-MS/MS Method for Low-Level Detection of 1,4-Dioxane
4.6    Recommended Columns for EPA Method 8015B
4.7    Recommended Columns for EPA Method 8260
4.8    Method 8260C Accuracy and Precision for 1,4-Dioxane by Mean Percent Recovery (R) and Percent Relative Standard Deviation (RSD)
4.9    Laboratory Performance for 1,4-Dioxane Analyses by EPA Method 8261, Vacuum Distillation (VD/GC/MS)

5.1    Human Toxicity Studies for 1,4-Dioxane
5.2    Acute and Short-Term Toxicity Studies of 1,4-Dioxane (Less Than One-Month Exposure)
5.3    Subchronic and Chronic Oral Toxicity Studies for 1,4-Dioxane
5.4    Genotoxicity Studies with 1,4-Dioxane
5.5    Safe Drinking Water Concentrations for 1,4-Dioxane

6.1    State, Federal (Environmental Protection Agency), and International Regulatory Guidelines, Action Levels, and Remediation Targets for
         1,4-dioxane-Dioxane as of 2007
6.2    1,4-Dioxane Risk Calculation Parameters for State Drinking Water Thresholds
6.3    1,4-Dioxane Detections in Drinking Water
6.4    Abbreviations of Common Toxicity Thresholds for Aquatic Organisms
6.5    Aquatic Toxicity Reference Values (TRVs) for 1,4-Dioxane (from USEPA, 1999)
6.6    European Predicted No Effects Concentrations (PNECs) Calculated for 1,4-Dioxane in the Aquatic Environment
6.7    Long-Term Toxicity of 1,4-Dioxane to Aquatic Algae
6.8    Toxicity of 1,4-Dioxane to Microorganisms and Protozoa
6.9    Short-Term Toxicity of 1,4-Dioxane to Aquatic Invertebrates
6.10  Short-Term Toxicity of 1,4-Dioxane to Fish Species
6.11  1,4-Dioxane Toxicity Reference Values for Wildlife and Livestock
6.12  Discharge Limits for 1,4-Dioxane at Groundwater Cleanup Sites and Industrial Facilities in the United States and Canada
6.13  1,4-Dioxane Detections in Surface Waters 1,4-Dioxane
6.14  1,4-Dioxane Pretreatment Standards for Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Effluent
6.15  Common Occupational Exposure Standards in the United States and Europe
6.16  Recommended or Regulated Inhalation Exposure Limits for 1,4-Dioxane
6.17  Analyses of Consumer Products for 1,4-Dioxane
6.18  Data Requirements for Estimating Total Dose by Different Routes of Exposure to 1,4-Dioxane in Water
6.19  Key Review Reports on 1,4-Dioxane Exposure by Ingestion, Inhalation, and Dermal Exposure
6.20  Occupational Settings with Potential Exposure to 1,4-Dioxane
6.21  Exposure Estimates for Dermal Exposure to 1,4-Dioxane from Sundries
6.22  Exposure Estimates for Inhalation Exposure to 1,4-Dioxane from Sundries
6.23  Model Parameters Used for Shower Model of 1,4-Dioxane Inhalation Exposure
6.24  Relative Risk of Solvent Stabilizers, Ranked by Oral Rat LD50

7.1    Laboratory Bioreactor Results Summary
7.2    Oxidation Potentials for Some Common Oxidizers
7.3    ISCO Field Pilot Study Results for 1,4-Dioxane

8.1    Exceptional Results for Duplicate 1,4-Dioxane Analyses by USEPA 8260 SIM
8.2    Ozone Demand for HiPOx™ Treatment of 1,4-Dioxane and Trichloroethylene
8.3    Properties of Granular Activated Carbon Used at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center

9.1    Annual Operating Parameters for Methyl Chloroform Vapor Degreasers at Southeastern U.S. Air Force Bases and Potential Accumulation
         of 1,4-Dioxane in Solvent Waste
9.2    Stabilizer Content in Distilled Methyl Chloroform Solvent Waste at a Major Midwest Manufacturer
9.3    Documented Impurities in Chlorinated Solvents and Their Potential for Enrichment During Vapor Degreasing
9.4    MSDS Descriptions of Trichloroethylene Purity in the 1980s and 1990s
9.5    Comparison of Effective Solubility and Corresponding Groundwater Concentrations of Trichloroethylene and Perchloroethylene as a
         Manufacturing Impurity in Trichloroethylene Vapor Degreasing Waste
9.6    Summary of the Potential for High-Boiling Stabilizers to Become Concentrated
9.7    Gas Chromatographic Measurements of Solvents, Stabilizers, and Impurities
9.8    Retardation Coefficients and Relative Velocities as a Function of Fraction of Organic Carbon
9.9    Stabilizers and Impurities in 1965 Technical Grade Methyl Chloroform from Four Suppliers
9.10  Stabilizers and Impurities in Pre-1986 Technical Grade Methyl Chloroform
9.11  Comparison of Stabilizer Fate and Transport Properties for Electrical Transformer and Dry-Cleaning Grades of Perchloroethylene

10.1  Chronology of Available Information on 1,4-dioxane Hazards